Happy Thankgsgiving !

Turkey!Happy Thanksgiving from


As we start to wind down November and look to a bigger and better 2016 we should also take time to reflect on all that we have.

Hopefully Family, Good Health and a desire to make 2016 even better..

So sit back , over eat and drink and watch some football with the people you love !

All the best from my Team to yours !


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Is it time to start thinking abour Nearshoring in Cuba !

U.S. and Cuba Cultural Similarities and Differences, and great potential as the Best Nearshore Destination !

Cuba’s close to the U.S. geographically, but not necessarily culturally. Our histories sometimes converge, and Columbus played a prominent role in exploring both. Friendliness abounds in both countries, but Cubans display an especially warm and welcoming spirit.

Cuba sees little violent crime. Music and art prevail. Americans may enjoy more material advantages, but Cubans, in general, express happiness with what they have.


Government, Healthcare, Housing, and Daily Life:

In Cuba, voters turn out in far greater numbers for municipal, provincial, and national elections. Campaigning, outside of posters and meetings, does not take place. America’s is chiefly a two-party system. Cuba has several parties, but communism dominates.

Wages are lower in Cuba, but so are many costs. Interestingly, waiters, chamber maids and others in service professions often earn more than doctors, thanks to tourist’s tips!

Cubans receive free healthcare—but doctors and supplies remain limited. The states enjoy a reputation for advanced medical care—but health insurance gaps create debt for many Americans.

Both countries experience poverty, but Cuba sees little homelessness. Housing in Cuba is subsidized, and families generally take in members who would otherwise have nowhere to go. This makes the typical Cuban home more crowded than the average American dwelling. (Severe tropical weather has also been known to destroy significant numbers of island homes, further reducing housing options.) Cuba boasts a higher rate of home ownership overall.

Cuba’s literacy rate consistently hovers near 100 percent. The country’s universities have been free for generations, and the island boasts a well-educated population. However, recent budget cuts have ended many higher-education programs.

Cuba sees little racial strife because the population’s roots are almost equally Caucasian, African, and biracial. The U.S., however, holds a far greater number of ethnic groups.

Cuisine and comestibles:

In Cuba, groceries are rationed. Surprisingly, perhaps, American cooking often uses more spice.

Vegetarianism is common in the U.S., but rare in Cuba. Past scarcities made meat a valued commodity, and fresh produce, though abundant, has traditionally cost handsomely. This may be changing, though. Too, Cuba’s best-known dishes, many of Spanish and African origins, revolve around pork, beef, or chicken. However, one or two veggie restaurants—notably El Romero in Laz Terrazas—garner consistently excellent traveler reviews, suggesting that meat-free dining may yet catch on.

Climate and culture:

The United States takes up far more land than Cuba. While the island’s temperatures range from warm to hot, weather conditions vary widely across America, and, in most parts of the country, change according to season.

In matters of interpersonal communication, Cubans tend to stand closer together than Americans, and speak loudly. Cuban communication includes many gestures. Eye contact is expected. Even relative strangers may use terms of endearment or mild physical contact.

Because of the island’s proximity and climatic similarity to Florida, and Miami’s large Cuban population, Miami and Cuba enjoy several cultural similarities. “Spanglish”—a mix of Spanish and English—is often spoken in Miami, and Cuban dishes can be found on many local menus.

As Cuba and the U.S. renew our old friendship, Americans seeking adventure are flocking to Cuba. And Cubans, curious about their American cousins, are welcoming them.

We see it as the potentially “Best Nearshore Destination ” for  Agile Software Development visit www.cuba-it.us


Thanks to Chelsea Lowe for the post! and Robin Thom for the photo’s

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M2M and Internet of Things !

Machine-to-Machine (M2M) and Internet of Things (IoT) Services and Solutions

Machine-to-Machine (M2M) is the most prominent driving force of the Internet of Things (IoT). M2M communication allows connected devices to collect and share data, which can be monitored by the companies that deploy them around the world. The applications of M2M are already vast and range from wireless payment solutions, allowing business to “back-up” connectivity and continue to be able to process payments even if the internet goes down, to smart metering (or smart grid) applications which allow energy firms to improve their demand planning.

Despite their effectiveness, in the last few years, M2M deployments have faced substantial issues. Most notably, the numbering distribution of GSM/GPRS platforms and their assigned SIM cards is problematic. Numbers are scarce as IPv4 numbering plans reach their limits, and with IPv6 still in its infancy with M2M devices, numbering deployed machines can be difficult. The other major roadblock to M2M deployment is roaming charges, which unless monitored carefully, can spiral out of control for poorly managed devices and hinder any progress of M2M distribution by suffering organizations.

Even when such problems are avoided, the growth of M2M systems has come at a significant cost to organizations choosing to deploy devices with cellular connectivity. Not only do the costs of the rate plans from the different mobile network providers need to be considered, but also the costs associated with the management of devices. This leaves significant opportunity for a number of inefficiencies to arise including fines for overuse of data or, on the opposite end of the scale, overpayment for underuse of data.

It has always been a core capability of Telecom Expense Management (TEM) solutions to track conventional mobile devices and their associated data plans, but now TEM providers have introduced new features aimed specifically at helping organizations to better track and optimize costs across their M2M deployments. The potential savings for organizations, often struggling to manage their deployed devices, are enormous. TEM providers have lot’s to do.

What say you ?

Thanks to MDSL for the post!

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PDV wireless- multiple blog posts “A Quick Study “

  • We have been looking at the re emergence of push to talk solutions and one company is clearly leading the way PDV Wireless, below is several of their recent Blog posts on the subject. Take a look !
  • Traditionally, two-way radio networks and cellular networks are typically “uplink limited.”  For example, you could have a situation where a portable/mobile user can hear the base station while not being able to talk back (see image above).

    In a pdvWireless MOTOTRBO network, The use of Tower Top Amplifiers (TTA) provides the advantage of having “downlink limited” network, i.e. “uplink path” (mobile/portable talking to the base station) is typically STRONGER than the “downlink path” (BS to mobile/portable).


    Let’s take a look …
  • Distracted Driving: Think Twice Before Using Cell Phones in Commercial VehiclesRulemaking has been established by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) that restricts the use of hand-held mobile devices by drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs). Specifically, a CMV driver cannot hold a mobile device to make a call, or dial by pressing more than a single button. CMV drivers who use a mobile phone while driving can only use a hands-free phone located in close vicinity.  While the reasons have been well publicized, it is important to point out specific research that supports these regulations:

    CMV …

  • The Growth of Geofence Tools within the Mapping Technology Spheregoogle marketMapping technology has experienced some of the most rapid evolvements within the emerging technology era. The widespread adaptation and utilization of Global Positioning System (GPS) technology has paved the way for many technologies to be built surrounding location data. Geofencing tools are a significant element within this space, as they have revolutionized the way that we view, understand, and segment location data across a variety of businesses. However, Geofencing faced much skepticism in its earlier age. Prior to the technology developments that we …
  • Analyzing the Benefits of GPS Technology within the Commercial Environmentgps whitepaper img1Originally developed in the 1970’s Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) technology was not widely adopted until the 1990’s for a variety of reasons. Since the increase in adoption, large segments of the commercial economy have taken advantage of the benefits of GPS. GPS is currently deployed in a wide array of applications including Cell Phones and in vehicle navigation systems. This technology allows individuals and/or vehicles to be tracked to a level of accuracy within 4 meters. It has been reported by the …
  • Voice DocumentationVoice Documentation is the ability to capture essential information from an individual so that that information can be used to benefit an organization.  Voice Documentation is the process of documenting field activities or events via verbal communications.

    voice documentation

    With all of the tools and methods used today to automate the collection of information from the field, one old but reliable tool often goes underappreciated: Voice.  Voice calls have always been the go-to method to share a great level of detail quickly and easily.

  • Thanks to many of the PDV wireless team for the multiple posts !
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The Rising cost of being mobile !

iPhoneThe rising cost of being mobile in the global business environment

Telecommunications play an integral part in the day-to-day running of every global business and represent a significant cost to organizations. Increasingly, with the growing digital economy, businesses are now required to have a much higher level of mobility among their workforces. This expectation has caused the area of enterprise telecoms to expand widely to facilitate these new business needs.

While smartphones and tablets are considered essential for employees by many organizations, the use of devices such as smartwatches and other wearables is also spreading. Some surveys suggest that up to 97 per cent of organisations now provide their employees with a smartphone or computer. However, recent statistics also show that 93 per cent of enterprises are using, or evaluating the use of wearables as a telecoms device. As the mobility momentum builds, this will only lead to the further proliferation of connected devices. The interest in 5G is also growing and it’s predicted that there will be around 240 million 5G connections by 2025 (representing 3 per cent of global mobile connections).

So what does this increase in these types of devices mean for organizational spend on telecoms? When the various online access points are combined, they represent a vast amount of data usage, often resulting in high costs. The need for employees to remain connected wherever they are in the world is also becoming a significant cost to companies. Statistics show that in 2014, US businesses spent a total of $7.3 billion on WiFi and data charges for employees travelling internationally. To meet this increasing demand for data, telecoms providers are being called upon to develop more innovative and flexible products for enterprise requirements.

The cost of running Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) and Choose Your Own Device (CYOD) policies to govern the use of these devices also remains a concern for CIOs. Companies are often hopeful that implementing a BYOD policy will help to meet mobility requirements and reduce telecoms cost, when in reality the policies carry a variety of costs that are hidden to policy managers. Aside from the price paid to secure devices, studies have shown that the mobile applications employees access through their BYOD devices are generating further charges to organisations that they often fail to control.

We continue to track mobility trends and assess the impact changing behaviors are having on telecoms expenses within organizations.  (TEM) software enables companies to pinpoint where savings can be made with their telecoms providers and negotiate better deals. A key objective of TEM is to ensure that companies remain mobile and connected wherever they are, while incurring minimal costs.

It pay’s to be pro active when it comes to mobility !

Thanks to MDSL for the post !

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Managing Telecom Spend !

iPhoneOrganisations are migrating to find an efficient TEM provider

The leading objective of Telecoms Expense Management (TEM) is to provide cost visibility and transparency of the communications deployed in a company. Managing telecom spend is essential for businesses to ensure ROI and to stay ahead in their industry. Investing in a TEM solution results in a number of benefits to the organisation, including cost reduction, cost avoidance, credits for invoice and improvements to operational efficiencies.

Despite these relatively straightforward objectives, research over the last 5 years indicates that many organisations are unable to achieve maximum TEM savings with their existing TEM provider. In 2010, the ITFMA reported that only 20% of companies were achieving good results with a TEM provider, with significant reductions in communications spend. 50% were found to have modest results in TEM of around 10-12% cost savings, while the remaining 30% experienced little or no savings.

More recently, in 2013, Gartner observed many big name businesses were dissatisfied with their current TEM provider and due to this, were taking steps to migrate to other market leaders for their services. Analysts found that these brands were willing to pay a premium rate for expert delivery of TEM solutions, demonstrating their will to move to another provider should targets not be met. Gartner attributed this trend for dissatisfaction to the inability of some TEM providers to effectively understand the role their solution provides to businesses.

So has this trend in customer frustration over their TEM provider continued into 2015? Data analyzed  would suggest this is the case. In the first half of this year, 53% of the new clients  were migrating towards other TEM providers in the market. The figures show that should businesses become dissatisfied with their TEM solution, they are now taking action to find better alternatives.

It’s vital that organisations are aware of the potential losses associated with ineffective TEM solutions. As financial spend increases, companies will struggle to improve their performance against the high costs of communications spend. Productivity is also impacted when the potential efficiencies for telecoms usage are not reached.

TEM providers are experienced at providing clients with TEM solutions across a wide range of international industries, delivering in-depth reporting and insights into savings. Optimising communications spend within an agreed time frame with clients is a key objective for MDSL. We are currently seeing a number of clients, who have migrated to a viable solution, already profiting significantly from TEM savings.

Thanks to Ben Mendosa for the post !

What are you doing in the space ?

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9 Types of Fiber Optic Cable and how to use them !

Category Archives: IT Infrastructure

Nine types of fiber optic cable and how you use them

Simplex vs. duplex patch cablesSimplex-Duplex-Types-Fiber-Optic-Cable

Simplex cable has one fiber, while duplex (zipcord) cable has two fibers joined with a thin web. Simplex (also known as single strand) and duplex zipcord cables are tight-buffered and jacketed, with Kevlar® strength members.

Because simplex fiber optic cable consists of only one fiber link, you should use it for applications that only require one-way data transfer. For instance, an interstate trucking scale that sends the weight of the truck to a monitoring station or an oil line monitor that sends data about oil flow to a central location.

There is a unique application where simplex cable can support two-way communications if the equipment can transmit and receive on two different wavelengths. For example, transmit could be at 1310 nm and receive could be at 1550 nm. This application is found more with single-mode cable.

Use duplex multimode or single-mode fiber optic cable for applications that require simultaneous, bidirectional data transfer. Workstations, fiber switches and servers, Ethernet switches, backbone ports, and similar hardware require duplex cable.

Indoor/outdoor cableIndoor-Outdoor-Cable-Types-Fiber-Optic-Cable

Indoor/outdoor cable uses dry-block technology to seal ruptures against moisture seepage and gel-filled buffer tubes to halt moisture migration. Comprised of a ripcord, core binder, a flame-retardant layer, overcoat, aramid yarn, and an outer jacket, indoor/outdoor cable can be run from building to building. Because indoor/outdoor cable is typically plenum-rated, it can be run from equipment room directly to the other equipment room without worrying about fire-safety codes or terminating the cable within 50 feet of the building’s entrance. The cable should be run in a conduit.

Interlocking armored cable is jacketed in aluminum interlocking armor so it can be run just about anywhere in a building. Ideal for harsh environments, it is rugged and rodent resistant. No conduit is needed, so it’s a labor–and money–saving alternative to using innerducts for fiber cable runs.

Outside-plant cable is used in direct burials. It delivers optimum performance in extreme conditions and is terminated within 50 feet of the building entrance. It blocks water with dry blocking, absorbent tape, or powder. If it is armored, it will require grounding. Outside-plant cables are also rodent resistant. If they are too used in aerial applications, they will have a messenger strength member. Outside-plant cables also have a much higher tensile strength and can withstand the rigors of long, campus-wide installations.

Distribution-style vs. breakout-styleDistribution-Style-Breakout-Style-Types-Fiber-Optic-Cable

Distribution-style cables have several tight-buffered fibers bundled under the same jacket with Kevlar or fiberglass rod reinforcement. These cables are small in size and are used for short, dry conduit runs in either riser or plenum applications. The fibers can be directly terminated, but because the fibers are not individually reinforced, these cables should be broken out with a “breakout box” or terminated inside a patch panel or junction box.

Breakout-style cables are made of several simplex cables bundled together, making a strong design that is larger than distribution cables. Breakout cables are suitable for conduit runs and riser and plenum applications.

Loose-tube vs. tight-buffered Loose-Tube-Tight-Buffered-Types-Fiber-Optic-Cable

There are two types of fiber optic cable construction: loose-tube and tight- buffered. Both contain some type of strengthening member, such as aramid yarn, stainless steel wire strands, or even gel-filled sleeves. But each is designed for different environments.

Loose-tube cable is specifically designed for harsh outdoor environments. It protects the fiber core, cladding, and coating by enclosing everything within semi-rigid protective sleeves or tubes. Many loose-tube cables also have a water-resistant gel that surrounds the fibers. This gel helps protect the fibers from moisture, which makes loose-tube cable great for harsh, high-humidity environments where water or condensation can be a problem. The gel-filled tubes can also expand and contract with temperature changes. Loose-tube cable also has a higher tensile strength than tight-buffered cable.

But gel-filled loose-tube cable is not the best choice when cable needs to be routed around multiple bends, which is often true in indoor applications. Excess cable strain can force fibers to emerge from the gel.

Because loose-tube cable is typically 250 microns, you’ll need a fan-out kit to build up the individual fiber strands to 900 microns when making the transition at the entrance point from outdoor loose-tube to indoor to tight-buffered cable.

Tight-buffered cable is optimized for indoor applications. Because it’s sturdier than loose-tube cable, it’s best suited for moderate-length LAN/WAN connections or long indoor runs. It’s easier to install because there’s no messy gel to clean up and it doesn’t require a fan-out kit for splicing or termination. You can install connectors directly to each fiber

Thanks to our friends at Black Box for the post !

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The Future of Networking !

Photostogo-509807The Future of Networking Depends on Networks of the Past

4 trends that will help keep your network connections current !

Key insights
    1. Your customers and users expect to be connected anywhere, anytime.
    1. Robust connectivity and regional replication can deliver what’s needed.
                      One poorly-performing connection can slow your system down to a crawl.

Networks are crucial to modern business these days. As speeds increase beyond 100Gbps and more devices connect, the location of processors and data both become more important. With everything connected between one device and the next, optimization and speed are more critical.

Networks are also not new. Most enterprise networks have been in operation for years, growing and extending as needs and applications have evolved. That evolution has not always been straightforward—or even compatible—with prior components. Part of adjusting to these changes is about identifying your network bottlenecks and eliminating them. Assure that all the network components you control are up to date and not causing problems. Then look at the issues that affect the areas you have less direct ability to manage.

Here are four trends that are currently affecting global network performance:

1. Mobility wherever

Your customers and users expect to be connected from wherever they are. While mobile connections are generally expected to be slower than what’s available in the office, don’t accept any leeway. Make certain your gateway devices are up to date and operating at the maximum throughput rates possible.

2. Global connections that deliver

Location doesn’t matter on the Internet. Whether your audience is in the next room or on the other side of the world, your network needs to support the demand. The combination of robust connectivity services and regional replication can deliver what’s needed and where it’s requested.

3. Security that strikes the right balance

Open access to resources is great for your trusted employees, but no enterprise can leave the security of their widely-distributed network open to breaches and misuse. But increased layers of security can cause delays if the registration and sign-on processes are restrictive. Strike the right balance between security and access.

4. Full-time performance monitoring

Applications and data reside in multiple systems, all of which may require access for a single function. The assumption is that all connections to all resources perform equally. But that’s rarely the case without adequate and full-time performance monitoring. One poorly-performing connection can cause an otherwise well-tuned system to slow down to a crawl. Initiate robust services that will track, alert, and resolve issues that come up in real time.

Many of these can be mitigated with the right routing and infrastructure tools but the most important component is the reliability and performance of your network—the backbone that provides Internet connectivity. Take control of your distributed network connections so that your users and customers can get the performance they expect.

For more information on network trends and services, visit www.webassociatesllc.com


Thanks to Scott Koegler  and AT&T for the post !

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Hemingway in Cuba !

Biography of Hemingway in Cuba

“Ernest Hemingway Relates to Cuban Life”

Hemingway at helm of Pilar
Hemingway at the helm of Pilar.

As the US and Cuba warm their relationships moving toward the end of the Trade Embargo we at Web Associates will be opening a software factory in Havana to provide the very best in Nearshore destination’s

visit our work in progress web site www.cuba-it.us

But when I think of Cuba I think of Fishing and yes Hemingway did a lot of fishing back in the day !

Hemingway first visited Cuba in 1928, while on a layover while traveling to Spain. He had arrived from Key West – his home at the time. He and his wife Pauline, their two sons Jack and Patrick, and Pauline’s sister Jinny Pfeiffer stopped over in Havana for 3 days while waiting for their ship, the “Reina de la Pacifica”, to sail. While in Havana, they stayed at the Hotel Ambos Mundos.

Hemingway next visited Cuba in the summer of 1932.  Hemingway went to Cuba with two friends from Key West:  Joe Russell and Joe Lowe. They went to fish the annual Marlin run aboard a boat called “Anita”. They also had a Cuban that they hired onboard to rig baits.

A year later, in 1933, Ernest Hemingway was writing for Esquire Magazine, and he would use his experiences fishing as content for his articles.  He was fishing with a mate he had hired named Carlos Gutierrez, and they continued to fish off the boat “Anita”. Carlos Gutierrez taught him how to rig baits at different depths for Marlin fishing, which was a new concept for Hemingway. One of these articles was called “Marlin off the Morro: a Cuban Letter”.

Hemingway with fish at dock
Hemingway with wahoo and marlin at the dock.

The following year while in Key West, Hemingway purchased a new fishing boat named “Pilar” – a nick name for his wife Pauline. He still had Carlos Gutierrez on board, but he also hosted 2 men from the U. S., Charles Cadwalader who was the director of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural History and Henry Fowler, who was the Academy’s Chief Ichthyologist. These two men were in Cuba trying to sort out the taxonomy of marlin species, trying to figure out if the White, Blue, Black and Striped Marlin were in fact different species from one another, or just color variants of the same species. This was an important scientific trip, and after a month the representatives from the Academy of Natural History had enough information to reclassify all of the marlin species for the North Atlantic.

So stay tuned as we will continue to update you on the return to Havana !

and yes a little fishing report as well !


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BYOD ” What’s next ? ” CYOD

iPhoneBring’ Turns to ‘Choose’ in The Next Phase of Mobile Device Strategy

The term ‘BYOD’ (Bring Your Own Device) was first coined in 2009, however it wasn’t until 2010 that CIOs realised they could no longer ignore the influx of personal devices in the workplace. During the formative years of BYOD throughout 2010 – 2013, a growth in apps, tablets and smartphones saw BYOD develop from a buzzword to an integrated part of internal IT strategy. According to Aberdeen Research, by 2011, 75% of enterprises had a BYOD policy. By 2012, data breaches and IT hacks were taking the shine off BYOD and businesses became focused on communicating clear BYOD policies to concerned users.


Fast forward to 2015 and BYOD is now into the next phase – a declining one. Instead of a BYOD strategy, many organisations are embracing CYOD (Choose Your Own Device) policies. A managed alternative to BYOD, CYOD sees organisations offering a range of pre-approved, corporate-owned devices for employees to choose from.

IDC’s John Delaney addressed this turn of trends last July stating, “What we’re seeing in Europe now is an increasing preference for CYOD – ‘Choose Your Own Device’”. The bi-annual IDC survey revealed that 41% of the European enterprise sector had no plans to offer BYOD. However, this development is not just affecting European enterprises and countries. CYOD is a growing trend across the globe, with IDC’s 2014 Asia-Pacific predictions stating “BYOD as an enterprise mobile strategy is dead and eligible users will be given a choice of device that they can use for work, also referred to as CYOD”.

The replacement of BYOD with CYOD is largely down to two main factors: security and cost. With a CYOD strategy, organisations can implement a more secure resource program. Typically, each device is put through rigorous IT testing and certification. The growing trend toward private cloud deployments – where each device that can connect to the internal cloud network must be secured – is a good example of how CYOD makes integrating infrastructure resources simpler for CIOs and CTOs. Unlike BYOD where employees are able to access the corporate cloud and store confidential or sensitive data on personal devices, CYOD allows for IT to assume full responsibility of corporate resources.

Secondly, it was originally believed that BYOD could help organisations reduce costs, however an increasing number of companies are realising that the total cost of ownership is actually higher with a BYOD strategy. Due to the fact that BYOD relies on employees bring their own devices in to use at work, companies lose the ability to bargain with telecoms companies for lower-cost plans. Additionally, for larger corporations, standardising mobility creates stability and ultimately efficiency.

Employees are less likely to see the need for BYOD, particularly if their company is offering a choice of devices and therefore whether they own the device or not is less of a priority.  Moreover it’s argued that a corporate-owned IT model (CYOD) sees IT spend 20% of their support to address the issues of 80% of users, whereas in a BYOD model, 20% of users will take up 80% of IT’s support. This is most probably due to the differing range of devices and operating systems (OS) open to the corporate network when BYOD models are deployed.

What CYOD is really about, is IT regaining some control and securing applications in the face of an increasing mobile workforce and a growing number of personal devices. To observe this evolution of BYOD is fascinating for Web Associates LLC, as technology developments and IT trends are constantly shaping our solutions.

Thanks to Ben Mendoza for the post !


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